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Description1 TerritoryInteractive map
Recovered peat quarries
Overflowed milled fields after rising of the water level.Photo by: J. Ķuze
 
Location
On the border of the Sala parish of Babīte county and the Slampe parish of Tukums county.
This sightseeing object is located in the territory of ĶEMERI National Park
 
Description
The Ķemeri Moorland can be considered as a territory less affected by human activities. A landscape of natural bog still dominates here – high moss bog which is dotted by small lakes and bog islands. Extraction of peat has only been performed in the northeast corner of the bog where amelioration systems also continued to function after completion of works drying the bog. In order to prevent the bog from running dry and overgrowing, the ĶNP administration implemented the project for renewal of the bog in 2001, during which closing of amelioration systems and overflowing of the quarry territory were performed. Now the former dry peat fields are covered by water. Different species of wading birds (common redshank and wood sandpiper, lapwing and little ringed plover) nest there and the growth of sphagnum moss has resumed.
 
Renewal of the Hydrological Regime of the Bog
Although large-scale economic activities are not implemented in the Ķemeri Moorland as in other bogs of Latvia, the output of peat has also affected it. In the second half of the 20th century, peat was extracted in a 115 ha area in the NE part of the bog. Although plans were far-reaching, excavation works were suspended in order not to affect the treasure of the health resort of Ķemeri – formation of sulphur waters under the peat layers of the bog.
Digging of peat is closely connected with amelioration – at first, the areas to be dug are dried in order to ease the movement of machinery. Because after interruption of extraction of peat, the ditch systems made in the Ķemeri Moorland were left unclosed, they continued to fulfil their duty even up to 2006 – they dried the bog which started to overgrow in this region.
The sphagnum moss cover characteristic to natural moss bogs changed into higher and thicker vegetation in the surroundings of ditches – heather and Labrador tea, also growth of trees – birches and pines - started.
In order to prevent drying out and overgrowing of the bog, it is necessary to prevent artificially made runoff of water. Upon commencement of the implementation of works, a technical project for renewal of water regime of the moorland was prepared in which the works to be performed were listed in detail and in autumn of 2006 the digging works were commenced. A previously less known method in Latvia – peat dikes built by excavator – was used for blocking of ditches. Altogether 61 dikes were built during the course of works – 50 dikes on the bypass channels of the quarry and 11 dikes on the W side of the bog. Additionally, several larger water control structures were built – the level of the road dike was elevated in the length of 1.4 km and three dikes with channels at water runoff places were constructed in the periphery of the bog, 60, 40 and 60 metres long respectively.
By filling amelioration ditches established earlier and putting in order the present road dike, the elevation of the water level in the quarry and in its surroundings has been achieved. Milled fields of peat were are partly overflowed and became more humid, but the neglected lake has filled up with water again.
 
Locality
Bog, forest
 
Information stand. Photo by: J. Ķuze
 
Utilities
The information stand tells about renovation works of the hydrological regime of the bog.
There is a parking lot.
 
Accessibility
The place is not suitable for visitors in wheelchairs.
 
Getting there
By car – drive along the Rīga-Ventspils motorway or the Rīga-Liepāja motorway, turn on to road P101 (Kalnciems-Kūdra).
Driving on the Rīga-Ventspils motorway after 3.3 km you will see a parking lot and information stand on the right side. Driving on the Rīga-Liepāja motorway, you will see a parking lot and stand on the left side after 8.3 km.
 
Regulations for staying
 

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Attention!
Certain information regarding this place may change from time to time. If you have determined an inconsistency of the information, please contact the Ķemeri National Park Administration of the Nature Conservation Agency, phone +371 67730078, e-mail: kemeri@daba.gov.lv.




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